This is the basic course that teaches the main objectives of safe driving through correct driving techniques.
By learning the manoeuvres through practise, you will automatically develop the correct skills and mentality on how to control a car in critical situations, on wet surfaces, whilst skidding, or when finding oneself confronted with an emergency braking situation without panic and feeling confident.
This Camp takes place on especially equipped areas. Track time is not scheduled.
Duration: 1 or 2 days (on especially equipped areas)
Timetable: from 08:00 until 18:00 approx, including theory lessons.
Group makeup: 6-8 students with 2-3 Instructors + 1 track assistant + 1 group assistant.
THEORY – Topics covering the car
- Driving position: The correct positioning of the seat and steering wheel. Correct ‘grip’ on the steering wheel, correspondant movements of the steering wheel in curves or bends plus ‘active’ safety driving.
- The impact of the driving position on “passive” safety and the vital importance of keeping seatbelts fastened.
- Analysis of the forces acting on a car: acceleration and braking. Straight line, curve motion and centrifugal force along with the concept of friction and grip.
- Analysis of tyre behavior on road surfaces and the importance of the road surfaces in relation to the type of tyre in use.
- Emergency braking both on dry and wet roads, with and without ABS and avoiding unexpected obstacles in these conditions.
- Under-steering and over-steering, direction of the axles on front-wheel and four-wheel drive cars.
- Kamm circle and oval grip, dynamic variation of weights and dynamic variation of the oval grip.
- Londitudinal and transversal weight transfer.
- Driver reaction and dealing with emergency situations in curves. Such as the prevention and reaction to aquaplaning. Furthermore the use of trajectories in curves and tips for correct and prudent driving on the road.
LOW GRIP EXERCISES
These exercises start with a number of confidence boosting tests, such as a slow slalom to adjust the hand position on the steering wheel as well as wheels alignment. We continue with wet surface exercises using different tyre sections and anomalous tyre pressures and understeering exercises, to understand the importance of car direction and negative drift.
We then induce a low speed power skid to produce a complete spin, to teach each driver how to avoid this situation by controlling the skid. After this comes the real worry: the “tondo” (aka “the doughnut”), which is carried out on a slippery area in a state of a continuous powerslide (rather like a Swedish rally driver!).
That way practicing the “tondo’’ we learn how to deal with a very dangerous situation while having great fun!
In one of the first exercises we use the Skid Car: on the straight, at low speed, we are able to correct the vehicle while skidding almost continuously.
We also practice braking using the handbrake to familiarize the driver with the car even more. We also run drills on more common situations, such as avoiding sudden obstacles with or without the help of ABS, at speeds varying from 60 to 130 kph. Of course, to make these exercises even more challenging, they are all carried out on the wet!